exec 3>&- # Close fd 3. LOGFILE=script.log echo "This statement is sent to the log file, \"$LOGFILE\"." 1>$LOGFILE echo "This statement is appended to \"$LOGFILE\"." 1>>$LOGFILE echo "This statement is also appended to \"$LOGFILE\"." 1>>$LOGFILE echo "This asked 7 years ago viewed 340855 times active 5 months ago Get the weekly newsletter! Solutions? Check This Out
Given that ice is less dense than water, why doesn't it sit completely atop water (rather than slightly submerged)? Join them; it only takes a minute: Sign up Here's how it works: Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the How to fix a bent lens mount hook? share|improve this answer edited Oct 27 '15 at 10:33 rubenvb 42.1k13103190 answered Mar 12 '09 at 9:16 Marko 18k126099 3 I was searching SO for how to do this with
The accepted answer do_something &>filename doesn't. +1. –Withheld Jan 4 '13 at 16:01 4 @Daniel, but this question is specifically about bash –John La Rooy Aug 19 '13 at 3:38 It's free: ©2000-2016 nixCraft. All about redirection 3.1 Theory and quick reference There are 3 file descriptors, stdin, stdout and stderr (std=standard). I prefer separate files which require less parsing but as I said, whatever makes your boat floating :) –quizac Dec 8 '14 at 11:02 how do you switch back
It stated that later versions of /bin/sh have implemented the &>/dev/null syntax, aparently not so or i have a older version (which i can't echo in any way, running OpenBSD 5.3 So stderr goes to the stdout and that goes to the file. i>&j # Redirects file descriptor i to j. # All output of file pointed to by i gets sent to file pointed to by j. >&j # Ambiguous Output Redirect For reference see the Advanced Bash-Scripting Guide.
shell io-redirection openbsd share|improve this question asked Jun 25 '13 at 19:12 Torxed 73031029 add a comment| 1 Answer 1 active oldest votes up vote 38 down vote accepted I believe Thanks! –Guðmundur H Mar 12 '09 at 9:34 I tend to forget that... How strange is it (as an undergrad) to email a professor from another institution about possibly working in their lab? http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Bash-Prog-Intro-HOWTO-3.html asked 5 years ago viewed 50126 times active 2 years ago Visit Chat Linked 9 Logging stdout and stderr of node 6 Cause runtime exceptions to be properly ordered with println
share|improve this answer answered Apr 23 '13 at 5:07 einstein6 192 add a comment| up vote 1 down vote "Easiest" way (bash4 only): ls * 2>&- 1>&-. Bash Pipe Stderr Just for completion's sake, you can write 1> as just > since the default file descriptor is the output. To prevent an fd from being inherited, close it. # Redirecting only stderr to a pipe. For example 2>&1 redirects 2 (standard error) to 1 (standard output); if 1 has been redirected to a file, 2 goes there too.
exec 3<> File # Open "File" and assign fd 3 to it. http://sc.tamu.edu/help/general/unix/redirection.html What are the large round dark "holes" in this NASA Hubble image of the Crab Nebula? Redirect Stderr To File Join them; it only takes a minute: Sign up How to redirect stderr and stdout to different files in the same line of bash? Redirect Stderr To Dev Null The other is to append.
This will close output for whichever file descriptor is referenced, i.e. "M". 2>/dev/null The general form of this one is M>/dev/null, where "M" is a file descriptor number. his comment is here This is why pipes work. exec 3<> File # Open "File" and assign fd 3 to it. Why are only passwords hashed? Bash Redirect Stderr To Dev Null
csh introduced >& also available in zsh. Csh Redirect Stderr more stack exchange communities company blog Stack Exchange Inbox Reputation and Badges sign up log in tour help Tour Start here for a quick overview of the site Help Center Detailed bad_command3 # Error message echoed to stderr, #+ and does not appear in $ERRORFILE. # These redirection commands also automatically "reset" after each line. #=======================================================================share|improve this answer edited Oct 7 '10 at 5:44 David Johnstone 14.1k115568 answered Mar 12 '09 at 9:17 dirkgently 74.7k1294163 6 Somebody should restore to the second edit of this
i>&j # Redirects file descriptor i to j. # All output of file pointed to by i gets sent to file pointed to by j. >&j # I'm very lost with this. data going into a program.[b] stdout - Use to write information (screen)[c] stderr - Use to write error message (screen)Understanding I/O streams numbersThe Unix / Linux standard I/O streams with Bash Write To Stderr Redirecting Code Blocks20.3.
up vote 93 down vote favorite 20 I know this much: $ command 2>> error $ command 1>> output Is there any way I can output the stderr to the error Both ways are 'logrotateable'. Player claims their wizard character knows everything (from books). http://crimsonskysoftware.com/redirect-stderr/unix-redirezione-standard-error.html Any file descriptor can be redirected to other file descriptor or file by using operator > or >>(append).
no, do not subscribeyes, replies to my commentyes, all comments/replies instantlyhourly digestdaily digestweekly digest Or, you can subscribe without commenting. Setting noclobber prevents this. read -n 4 <&3 # Read only 4 characters. The man page does specify a preference for '&>' over '>&', which is otherwise equivalent. –chepner Jul 16 '12 at 20:45 6 I guess we should not use &> as
It now discusses how to independently redirect outputs which is useful. –Dom Sep 10 '14 at 8:29 | show 1 more comment up vote -8 down vote Command 1 >> output1.txt; Why does removing Iceweasel nuke GNOME? For example, 2> redirects file descriptor 2, or standard error. &n is the syntax for redirecting to a specific open file. I/O RedirectionTable of Contents20.1.
Redirection may fail under some circumstances: 1) if you have the variable noclobber set and you attempt to redirect output to an existing file without forcing an overwrite, 2) if you Browse other questions tagged shell io-redirection openbsd or ask your own question. The example shows redirection of standard error only: $ who 2> /dev/null To redirect standard error and output to different files (note that grouping is not necessary in Bourne shell): $ You can also use 1 instead of 2 so that stdout gets redirected to the 'file' share|improve this answer answered Sep 24 '11 at 5:53 PaulDaviesC 512922 add a comment| Your
How to encourage 2 year old to co-operate "Squeezing out of a dead man" proverb Before I leave my company, should I delete software I wrote during my free time? exec 1<>$LOG_FILE # Redirect STDERR to STDOUT exec 2>&1 echo "This line will appear in $LOG_FILE, not 'on screen'" Now, simple echo will write to $LOG_FILE. M>N # "M" is a file descriptor, which defaults to 1, if not explicitly set. # "N" is a filename. # File descriptor "M" is redirect to file "N." M>&N # M>N # "M" is a file descriptor, which defaults to 1, if not explicitly set. # "N" is a filename. # File descriptor "M" is redirect to file "N." M>&N #